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Update on April 4, 2006

Syllabus for Examinations of Physics Japan???

(with relation to MEXT* curriculum guidelines)
*Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology


Purpose of the Examination
Mechanics

ll Thermodynamics

lll Waves

lV Electromagnetism


Purpose of the Examination

The purpose of this examination is to test whether students from other countries have the basic scholastic ability in science considered necessary for studying at the undergraduate level at a Japanese university.
The examination consists of physics, chemistry, and biology; examinees select two of these subjects.
The questions are classified according to each of these three subjects; each subject section has questions and a list of relevant terminology.

l  Mechanics

  1. Motion and force   (1) "Projectile motion" : Physics ll, others : Physics l
    (1) Description of motion
    Velocity and acceleration, Free fall, Projectile motion
    (2) Various forces
    Force, Gravity, Frictional force, Normal force, Tension, Elastic force,
    Force exerted by liquid or gas
    (3) Equilibrium of forces
    Resultant and resolution of forces, Equilibrium of forces
    (4) Equilibrium of forces acting on rigid bodies
    Torque, Resultant force, Couple of forces, Equilibrium of rigid bodies, Center of mass
    (5) Laws of motion
    Newton's laws of motion, Unit of force and equation of motion, Systems of units and dimensions
    (6) Motion in the presence of friction and air resistance
    Static friction force, Kinetic friction force, Air resistance and terminal velocity
  2. Energy and momentum    (1) (2) (3) : Physics l, (4) (5) : Physics ll
    (1) Work and kinetic energy
    Principle of work, Power, Kinetic energy
    (2) Potential energy
    Potential energy due to gravity, Potential energy due to elastic force
    (3) Conservation of mechanical energy
    (4) Momentum and impulse
    Momentum and impulse, Law of conservation of momentum
    (5) Collision and fission
    Coefficient of restitution, Elastic collision, Inelastic collision
  3. Various forces and motion   Physics ll
    (1) Circular motion
    Angular velocity, Period and rotational frequency, Acceleration and centripetal force,
    General circular motion
    (2) Inertial force
    Inertial force, Centrifugal force
    (3) Simple harmonic oscillation
    Spring pendulum, Energy of simple harmonic motion, Simple pendulum
    (4) Universal gravitation
    Planetary motion (Kepler's law), Universal gravitation and gravity, Conservation of energy

ll Thermodynamics

  1. Temperature and heat    Physics l
    (1) Temperature and heat
    Temperature, Heat quantity and heat capacity, Specific heat, Conservation of heat quantity
    (2) Internal energy
    Melting point, Boiling point, Heat of fusion, Heat of evaporation, Latent heat, Heat and work,
    The first law of thermodynamics
  2. Properties of gas    (1) "Boyle's law, Charles'law": Physics l , others : Physics ll(optional topics)
    (1) Laws of gas
    Boyle's law, Charles' law
    Boyle-Charles' law, Equation of state of ideal gas
    (2) Kinetic theory of gas
    Pressure and molecule motion, Absolute temperature, Internal energy of ideal gas,
    Molar heat capacity
    (3) Change of state of gases
    Isochoric change, Isobaric change, Adiabatic change, Isothermal change
  3. Heat engine and irreversible change    Physics l
    (1) Conversion and conservation of various energy
    Conversion and conservation of energy, Irreversible change, Efficiency of heat engine

lll Waves

Physics l

  1. Properties of wave
    (1) Propagation of wave
    Medium, Wave source, Waveform, Period, Amplitude, Wave length, Wave velocity,
    Transverse and longitudinal waves
    (2) Superposition principle and interference
    Superposition principle, Interference, Standing and traveling waves
    (3) Reflection, refraction, and diffraction of waves
    Huygens' principle, Law of reflection, Law of refraction, Refractive index, Diffraction
  2. Sound
    (1) Propagation of sound
    Sound speed, Reflection, Refraction, Diffraction, Interference, Beat
    (2) Vibrations of sounding body and resonance
    Vibration of string, Vibration of air column, Resonance
    (3) Doppler effect
    Case of moving sound source, Case of moving observer
  3. Light
    (1) Properties of light
    Various lights(visible light, white light, monochromatic light, light and color), Speed of light, Wavelength
    (2) Reflection and refraction of light
    Reflection and refraction, Total reflection, Scattering of light, Lenses, Real and virtual images
    (3) Diffraction and interference of light
    Diffraction, Young's experiment(interference fringes, bright and dark lines), Diffraction grating, Thin-film interference
    (4) Dispersion and polarization of light
    Dispersion of light, Spectrum, Polarized light

lV Electromagnetism

  1. Electric field   Physics ll
    (1) Electrostatic force
    Electric charge (electric quantity), Coulomb's law, Law of electric charge conservation
    (2) Electric field
    Electric field, Electric field of a point charge, Superposition principle of electric field,
    Electric lines of force
    (3) Electric potential
    Electric potential and voltage, Equipotential surfaces, Electrostatic potential energy
    (4) Matter in electric fields
    Electrostatic induction, Electrostatic shielding, Dielectric polarization
    (5) Capacitor
    Capacitance of a parallel-plate capacitor and connection of capacitors,
    Energy of electric field and dielectrics
  2. Electric current    (1) : Physics l, (2) : Physics ll
    (1) Electric current
    Electric current and electrons, Resistance, Ohm's law, Joule's heat, Electric power,
    Electric energy, Series and parallel connections of resistors, Aammeter, Voltmeter
    (2) Direct current circuit
    Kirchhoff's rules, Temperature dependence of resistivity, Measurement of resistance,
    Internal resistance (and electromotive force) of battery, Circuit with capacitors
  3. Current and magnetic field    Physics ll
    (1) Magnetic field
    Magnets and magnetic materials, Magnetic poles, Magnetic field, Magnetic lines of force, Magnetization, Magnetic flux density and intensity of magnetic field (permeability)
    (2) Magnetic fields generated by currents
    Magnetic fields of currents in a long straight wire, a circular loop, and a solenoid
    (3) Magnetic forces on currents
    Magnetic force on a direct current, Force between parallel currents
    (4) The Lorentz force
    the Lorentz force, Cyclotron motion and specific charge, Forces on currents, The Hall effect
  4. Electromagnetic induction and electromagnetic wave    Physics ll
    (1) Laws of induction
    Electromagnetic induction, Lenz's law, Faraday's law of induction,
    Induced electromotive force in a conductor crossing magnetic field
    (the Lorentz force and induced electromotive force)
    (2) Mutual induction, Self-induction
    Mutual inductances, Self-inductances, Magnetic energy stored by an inductor
    (3) Alternating current (AC)
    Generation of AC (AC voltage, AC, phase, angular frequency), AC flowing through a resistor, Effective values
    (4) AC circuit
    Reactance of inductors, Reactance of capacitors, Electric power consumption,
    Electric transformer and the energy conservation, Resonant circuit, Oscillation circuit
    (5) Electromagnetic waves
    Generation and properties of electromagnetic waves, Radiation from high-temperature objects